Good communication is the key to successful practice during driving sessions. Both you and your teen driver will likely be nervous during the first few sessions. Setting a positive tone is key to learning, make positive comments to encourage these new drivers.
The “SIPDE” Process
Driving is a complex task that involves many elements. National experts agree that there are 5 separate steps to reaction time. The “SIPDE” process is your reaction time.
The “S” stands for scanning the roadway ahead. This scanning should be 10-15 seconds ahead, under
normal roadway and weather conditions.
The “I” stands for Identify. Ask what the driver sees ahead.
The “P” stands for Predict. Ask what will happen based on their observations.
The “D” stands for Decide. Ask the driver to make a decision based on their predictions.
The “E” stands for Execute. The driver should execute their decision.
During Practice Sessions / The 12 Steps.
1- Fasten your safety belts and lock the doors
2- Have the driver adjust the seat and mirrors.
3- Have the new driver sit in a position that allows for both hands on the steering wheel. It is
recommended that you place your hands at 10 and 2 o’clock on the wheel. This allows for maximum
range of movement when turning the steering wheel.
4- Have the driver drive at a low speed, till the get familiar with the car.
5- Confine the conversation to driving.
6- Give directions and advise quietly, clearly and well in advance of any situation.
7- Provide enough time for the driver to perform or carry out your direction.
8- Try to be calm, patient and relaxed to instill confidence.
9- Tell the new driver immediately when an error has been made and calmly suggest how to correct it.
10- Look and think well ahead of the new driver to anticipate problems, and try to inform them well in
11- In an emergency situation, give short direct commands on what to do. Be prepared to help with
steering by leaning over and grabbing the steering wheel if necessary.
12- You might want to use a handheld mirror to keep track of traffic conditions to the rear.
Start up procedures:
No. Vehicle Control Date(s) Rating Notes
1 Outside checks
2 Inside checks
3 Starting the Engine
4 Shifting the vehicle,
putting the vehicle into motion,
5 Stopping, securing
and leaving the vehicle
No. Maneuvers Date(s) Rating Notes
6SIPDE, Search patterns
7Steering forward & backward
8Hand over hand steering
9Procedures for turning
10Left & Right turns
11Mid-block U-Turn / 3 pt.
12Changing lanes, blind spot checking
15Leaving a parking space
17Leaving Parallel Parking space
20Approaching a curve
21Pulling into/out of a drivewaydriveway
22Interaction with intersections (left/right turns)